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China Hot selling Fabrication High Quality CNC Machining 8 mm Spline Shaft

Product Description

 

Q: How can I get samples?
 A: Free samples and freight collect, except for special circumstances.

Q: What is your minimum order quantity for the items in the order?
 A:  2000pcs for each part except for sample.

Q: Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
 A: We are a manufacturer, specialized in manufacturing and exporting of qualified precision micro shafts.

Q: What are your usual terms of payment?
 A:  We generally ask for payment by T/T in advance and L/C at sight.

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

What are the different types of spline profiles and their applications?

Spline profiles are used in various applications to transmit torque and motion between mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation of different spline profiles and their applications:

1. Involute Splines:

Involute splines have a trapezoidal tooth profile that allows for smooth engagement and disengagement. They are widely used in power transmission applications, such as automotive gearboxes, where high torque transmission is required. Involute splines provide excellent load distribution and can accommodate misalignment.

2. Straight Sided Splines:

Straight sided splines have straight-sided teeth that provide efficient torque transmission and high torsional stiffness. They are commonly used in applications where precise positioning is required, such as machine tools, robotics, and aerospace systems. Straight sided splines offer accurate motion control and are resistant to misalignment.

3. Serrations:

Serrations are a type of spline profile with multiple teeth in the form of parallel ridges and grooves. They are often used in applications that involve axial or linear motion, such as indexing mechanisms, clamping systems, or power tools. Serrations provide secure locking and positioning capabilities.

4. Helical Splines:

Helical splines have teeth that are helically shaped, similar to helical gears. They offer smooth and gradual tooth engagement, resulting in reduced noise and vibration. Helical splines are commonly used in applications that require high torque transmission and where quiet operation is critical, such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and automotive drivetrains.

5. Crowned Splines:

Crowned splines have a modified tooth profile with a slight curvature along the tooth length. This design helps distribute the load evenly across the tooth surfaces, reducing stress concentrations and improving load-carrying capacity. Crowned splines are used in applications where high load capacity and resistance to wear are essential, such as heavy-duty gearboxes, marine propulsion systems, or mining equipment.

6. Ball Splines:

Ball splines incorporate recirculating ball bearings within the spline nut and grooves on the shaft. This design enables linear motion with low friction and high precision. Ball splines are commonly used in applications that require smooth linear motion, such as CNC machines, robotics, or linear actuators.

7. Custom Splines:

In addition to the standard spline profiles mentioned above, custom spline profiles can be designed for specific applications based on unique requirements. Custom splines can be tailored to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, misalignment compensation, or other specific performance parameters.

The choice of spline profile depends on factors such as the magnitude of torque, required accuracy, misalignment tolerance, noise and vibration considerations, and environmental conditions. Engineers and designers carefully select the appropriate spline profile to ensure optimal performance and reliability in the intended application.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation?

Spline shafts play a crucial role in achieving precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Here’s how spline shafts contribute to these characteristics:

1. Interlocking Design:

Spline shafts feature a series of ridges or teeth, known as splines, that interlock with corresponding grooves or slots in mating components. This interlocking design ensures a positive connection between the shaft and the mating part, allowing for precise and consistent rotation. The engagement between the splines provides resistance to axial and radial movement, minimizing play or backlash that can introduce inaccuracies in rotation.

2. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied torque evenly, reducing stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of localized deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts contribute to consistent rotation and prevent excessive wear on specific areas of the shaft or the mating components.

3. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts are specifically designed to transmit torque efficiently from one component to another. The close fit between the splines ensures a high torque-carrying capacity, enabling the shaft to transfer rotational force without significant power loss. This efficient torque transmission contributes to precise and consistent rotation, allowing for accurate positioning and motion control in various applications.

4. Rigidity and Stiffness:

Spline shafts are typically constructed from materials with high rigidity and stiffness, such as steel or alloy. This inherent rigidity helps maintain the dimensional integrity of the shaft and minimizes deflection or bending under load. By providing a stable and stiff rotational axis, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation, particularly in applications that require tight tolerances or high-speed operation.

5. Alignment and Centering:

The interlocking nature of spline shafts aids in the alignment and centering of rotating components. The splines ensure proper positioning and orientation of the shaft relative to the mating part, facilitating concentric rotation. This alignment helps prevent wobbling, vibrations, and eccentricity, which can adversely affect rotation accuracy and consistency.

6. Lubrication and Wear Reduction:

Proper lubrication of spline shafts is essential for maintaining precise and consistent rotation. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing stick-slip phenomena that can cause irregular rotation. The use of lubrication also helps dissipate heat generated during operation, ensuring optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

By incorporating interlocking design, load distribution, efficient torque transmission, rigidity, alignment, and lubrication, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Their reliable and accurate rotational characteristics make them suitable for a wide range of applications, from automotive and aerospace to machinery and robotics.

spline shaft

How does a spline shaft differ from other types of shafts?

A spline shaft differs from other types of shafts in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Spline Structure:

A spline shaft features a series of ridges or teeth (splines) that are machined onto its surface. These splines create a precise and controlled interface with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. In contrast, other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, do not have the splines and rely on different mechanisms for torque transmission.

2. Torque Transmission and Relative Movement:

Unlike plain shafts or keyed shafts, which transmit torque through a frictional or mechanical connection, spline shafts allow for both torque transmission and relative movement between the shaft and mating components. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating an interlock that transfers rotational force while accommodating axial or radial displacement. This feature provides flexibility and is particularly useful in applications where misalignment or relative movement needs to be accommodated.

3. Load Distribution:

One of the advantages of spline shafts is their ability to distribute loads over a larger surface area. The multiple contact points created by the splines help distribute the applied load evenly along the shaft’s length. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. In contrast, other types of shafts may rely on a single keyway or frictional contact, which can result in higher stress concentrations and limited load distribution.

4. Design Flexibility:

Spline shafts offer greater design flexibility compared to other types of shafts. The number, size, and shape of the splines can be customized to meet specific design requirements. This allows for optimization of torque transmission, load-bearing capacity, and relative movement characteristics based on the application’s needs. Other types of shafts may have more standardized designs and limited customization options.

5. Application Variability:

Spline shafts find widespread use in various industries and applications where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are crucial. They are commonly employed in gearboxes, power transmission systems, steering mechanisms, and other rotational systems. Other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, may be more suitable for applications that require simpler torque transmission without the need for relative movement.

6. Installation and Maintenance:

When compared to other types of shafts, spline shafts may require more precise machining and alignment during installation. The mating components must be accurately matched to ensure proper engagement and torque transfer. Additionally, spline shafts may require periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure the integrity of the splines and optimal performance.

In summary, spline shafts differ from other types of shafts due to their spline structure, ability to accommodate relative movement, load distribution capability, design flexibility, application variability, and specific installation and maintenance requirements. These characteristics make spline shafts well-suited for applications that demand precise torque transmission, flexibility, and load distribution.

China Hot selling Fabrication High Quality CNC Machining 8 mm Spline Shaft  China Hot selling Fabrication High Quality CNC Machining 8 mm Spline Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-12

China high quality OEM ODM Customized CNC Machining Stainless Steel Spline Gear Shaft

Product Description

OEM ODM Custom CNC Machining Stainless Steel Spline Gear Shaft

Gear transmission relies on the thrust between gear teeth to transmit motion and power, also known as meshing transmission. With this gradual meshing, helical gears operate much more smoothly and quietly than spur gears. Therefore, almost all automobile transmissions use helical gears.Since the teeth on the helical gear present a certain angle, the gears will be under a certain amount of  stress when they mesh. Equipment using helical gears is equipped with bearings to withstand this pressure.

Product Description

Main Features: 

Spur Gear
1. Produce strictly in accordance with ANSI or DIN standard dimension
2. Material: SCM 415 steel 
3. Bore: Finished bore
4. Precision grade: DIN 5
5. Surface treatment: Carburizing and Quenching
6. Module: Module 1.5, Module 2, Module 2.5, Module 3
7. Tooth: From Z10 to Z13 

Product name Spur Gear
Customized service OEM, drawings or samples customize
Materials Available Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, S45C, SCM415, 20CrMoTi, 40Cr, Brass, SUS303/304, Bronze, Iron, Aluminum Alloy etc
Heat Treatment Quenching & Tempering, Carburizing & Quenching, High-frequency Hardening, Carbonitriding……
Surface Treatment Conditioning, Carburizing and Quenching,Tempering ,High frequency quenching, Tempering, Blackening, QPQ, Cr-plating, Zn-plating, Ni-plating, Electroplate, Passivation, Picking, Plolishing, Lon-plating, Chemical vapor deposition(CVD), Physical vapour deposition(PVD)…
BORE Finished bore, Pilot Bore, Special request
Processing Method Molding, Shaving, Hobbing, Drilling, Tapping, Reaming, Manual Chamfering, Grinding etc
Pressure Angle 20 Degree
Hardness 55- 60HRC
Size Customer Drawings & ISO standard
Package Wooden Case/Container and pallet, or made-to-order
Certificate ISO9001:2008
Machining Process Gear Hobbing, Gear Milling, Gear Shaping, Gear Broaching, Gear Shaving, Gear Grinding and Gear Lapping
Applications Printing Equipment Industry, Laser Equipment Industry, Automated Assemblyline Industry, Woodening Industry, Packaging Equipment Industry, Logistics storage Machinery Industry, Robot Industry, Machine Tool Equipment Industry

Company Profile

Packaging & Shipping

 

FAQ

Main Markets? North America, South America, Eastern Europe , West Europe , North Europe, South Europe, Asia
How to order? * You send us drawing or sample
* We carry through project assessment
* We give you our design for your confirmation
* We make the sample and send it to you after you confirmed our design
* You confirm the sample then place an order and pay us 30% deposit
* We start producing
* When the goods is done, you pay us the balance after you confirmed pictures or tracking numbers.
* Trade is done, thank you!!

Payment:  T/T
If you are interested in our products, please tell us which materials, type, width, length u want. /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Automation Industry
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Rolling Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Stainless Steel
Samples:
US$ 15/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?

Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:

1. Steel:

Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.

2. Alloy Steel:

Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.

3. Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.

4. Aluminum:

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.

5. Titanium:

Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.

6. Brass:

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

7. Plastics and Composite Materials:

In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.

It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.

spline shaft

How does a spline shaft differ from other types of shafts?

A spline shaft differs from other types of shafts in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Spline Structure:

A spline shaft features a series of ridges or teeth (splines) that are machined onto its surface. These splines create a precise and controlled interface with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. In contrast, other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, do not have the splines and rely on different mechanisms for torque transmission.

2. Torque Transmission and Relative Movement:

Unlike plain shafts or keyed shafts, which transmit torque through a frictional or mechanical connection, spline shafts allow for both torque transmission and relative movement between the shaft and mating components. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating an interlock that transfers rotational force while accommodating axial or radial displacement. This feature provides flexibility and is particularly useful in applications where misalignment or relative movement needs to be accommodated.

3. Load Distribution:

One of the advantages of spline shafts is their ability to distribute loads over a larger surface area. The multiple contact points created by the splines help distribute the applied load evenly along the shaft’s length. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. In contrast, other types of shafts may rely on a single keyway or frictional contact, which can result in higher stress concentrations and limited load distribution.

4. Design Flexibility:

Spline shafts offer greater design flexibility compared to other types of shafts. The number, size, and shape of the splines can be customized to meet specific design requirements. This allows for optimization of torque transmission, load-bearing capacity, and relative movement characteristics based on the application’s needs. Other types of shafts may have more standardized designs and limited customization options.

5. Application Variability:

Spline shafts find widespread use in various industries and applications where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are crucial. They are commonly employed in gearboxes, power transmission systems, steering mechanisms, and other rotational systems. Other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, may be more suitable for applications that require simpler torque transmission without the need for relative movement.

6. Installation and Maintenance:

When compared to other types of shafts, spline shafts may require more precise machining and alignment during installation. The mating components must be accurately matched to ensure proper engagement and torque transfer. Additionally, spline shafts may require periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure the integrity of the splines and optimal performance.

In summary, spline shafts differ from other types of shafts due to their spline structure, ability to accommodate relative movement, load distribution capability, design flexibility, application variability, and specific installation and maintenance requirements. These characteristics make spline shafts well-suited for applications that demand precise torque transmission, flexibility, and load distribution.

China high quality OEM ODM Customized CNC Machining Stainless Steel Spline Gear Shaft  China high quality OEM ODM Customized CNC Machining Stainless Steel Spline Gear Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-11

China Good quality Custom Made High Quality CNC Machining Spline Shaft for Auto

Product Description

1. Specification

Manufacturing Process Milling, Turning, Grinding, Fast/Midium/Slow Wire EDM, Welding, Metal Plate, Etc.
Material SUS, SPCC/SGCC, copper/brass, aluminum, ABS, plastic, rubber for option (according to customer’s requirements for special material)
Surface Treatment Galvanized (zinc-plated, nickel-plated, chrome-plated, silver-plated),
powder coating/oil painting, polishing (mirror polishing, electrolytic polishing),
brushing, sand blasting, anodizing etc
Tolerance ±0.01mm or special requirements
Package PE Bag, Paper carton box, plywood case/pallet/crate
Application Auto parts, electronic products, power supply, industry cabinet, construction etc
Quality Control ISO9001
Drawing File Format 2D: PDF, JPG, DWG, DXF  3D: STP, STEP, PRT, ASM, IGS, X_T
Features
  1. Customized Design
  2. Sample Order Accepted
  3. Short Delivery time
  4. Competitive Prices
  5. Long time quality Insurance
  6. Professional after-sale services
Inspection IQC, PQC, FQC, OQA
Delivery time 10-20days
Quality Insurance One Year

2. Company Overview

3. Our Services:

4. FAQ

5. Related Photos:

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Condition: New
Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: GB
Customized: Customized
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance : +/-0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 29.99/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be applied in aerospace and aviation equipment?

Yes, spline shafts are commonly applied in aerospace and aviation equipment due to their ability to transmit torque and provide precise rotational motion. Here’s how spline shafts are used in the aerospace and aviation industry:

1. Aircraft Engines:

Spline shafts are utilized in aircraft engines for various purposes. They can be found in the engine’s accessory gearbox, where they transmit torque from the engine to drive auxiliary components such as fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, generators, and engine starters. Spline shafts are also present in the engine’s variable geometry systems, which control the position of components like variable stator vanes or variable inlet guide vanes.

2. Flight Control Systems:

Spline shafts play a vital role in aircraft flight control systems. They are employed in the actuators and control mechanisms that operate the flaps, ailerons, elevators, rudders, and other control surfaces. Spline shafts enable precise and efficient transfer of control inputs from the cockpit to the respective control surfaces, contributing to the maneuverability and stability of the aircraft.

3. Landing Gear:

Spline shafts are used in the landing gear systems of aircraft. They can be found in components such as the landing gear actuator, which extends and retracts the landing gear, and the steering mechanism that controls the nose wheel. Spline shafts in landing gear systems need to withstand high loads, provide reliable operation, and ensure precise movement for safe and smooth landings and takeoffs.

4. Helicopter Rotors:

Helicopters rely on spline shafts in the main rotor assembly. The main rotor shaft, which transfers power from the helicopter’s engine to the rotor blades, often incorporates splines to ensure a secure connection and efficient torque transmission. Spline shafts are critical for maintaining stable and precise rotation of the rotor blades, allowing for controlled lift and maneuverability.

5. Auxiliary Systems:

Spline shafts are also applied in various auxiliary systems in aerospace and aviation equipment. These include systems such as power transmission for onboard generators, environmental control systems, fuel control systems, and hydraulic systems. Spline shafts in these applications contribute to the reliable operation and efficient functioning of the auxiliary equipment.

In aerospace and aviation applications, spline shafts are designed to meet stringent requirements for strength, durability, precision, and weight reduction. They are often made from high-strength materials such as titanium or alloy steel to withstand the demanding operating conditions and weight constraints of aircraft. Additionally, advanced manufacturing techniques are employed to ensure the dimensional accuracy and quality of spline shafts for critical aerospace applications.

The use of spline shafts in aerospace and aviation equipment enables precise control, efficient power transmission, and reliable operation, contributing to the safety, performance, and functionality of aircraft and related systems.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China Good quality Custom Made High Quality CNC Machining Spline Shaft for Auto  China Good quality Custom Made High Quality CNC Machining Spline Shaft for Auto
editor by CX 2024-03-27

China Standard Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft

Product Description

Product Description

rotation axis of rotation is due to the fact that as an object rotates, its points move in circles, and the centers of these circles lie on the same line.
Rotation is a common type of motion. When an object rotates, its points move in circles. The centers of these circles lie on the same line. This line is called the axis of rotation. Doors, Windows, grinding wheels, motor rotors, etc., have fixed rotating shaft, can only be rotated, but not translational. Several forces act on a body, and their rotational action on the body depends on the algebraic sum of their torques. If the algebraic sum of moments is equal to zero, the object will rotate uniformly with the original angular velocity or stay at rest.
The drive shaft is a rotating body with high speed and little support, so its dynamic balance is very important. The general drive shaft before leaving the factory must enter the action balance test, and the balance machine has been adjusted. For front-engine rear-wheel drive cars is the shaft that transfers the rotation of the transmission to the main reducer, which can be several segments, and the segments can be connected by universal joints.

Hebe (ZheJiang ) Industrial Co., LTD was founded in 2018. The company covers an area of 1500 square meter and has 15 employees, including 1 designer and 2 CNC programmers. Heber Company specializes in providing all kinds of parts processing. The process includes CNC milling, CNC turning, CNC grinding, large CNC machining, Wire cutting, EDM machining. Our machining accuracy can reach 0.005mm. Surface grinding finish up to 0.8um.mirror polish is up to 0.4um.
 company provides parts processing for various industries. For example, packaging machinery, slitter machine, aerospace, electronic machinery, cigarette machine, gear machinery, automatic assembly machine, power tools, semiconductor equipment, automobile production line, automobile, motorcycle, bicycle, 3D printer, plastic machinery, robot and so on. We can provide zinc plating, nickel plating, oxidation, heat treatment, chrome plating, PVD, spray, spray paint, black phosphating and other surface treatment processes.
Hebe can also provide mechanical assembly work for customers. We have skilled fitters and assembly workers. We can complete detailed work from CNC machining to assembly. PLC program, electronic parts procurement, automation components procurement, etc. We have assembled non – target automation equipment, slitting machines, packaging machines, etc.

Equipment name CNC lathe /CNC milling machine /CNC grinder /EDM/ vertical milling machine/linear cutting /4-5 axis CNC milling machine/large size CNC milling machine/Laser cutting/CNC Bending machine
Testing instrument Inside diameter measurement/outside diameter measurement/caliper/height measurement/CMM measurement
Material Steel/Aluminium alloy/ copper/ Alloy steel /Titanium alloy/ nylon /PTFE  /Stainless steel /mold steel/ Brass/copper/tungsten steel/high strength stainless steel
 
Surface treatment Polishing/electroplating/oxidation/spraying/nitriding/phosphating/heat treatment
Product packaging 1200x800mm tray/500x500x500mm carton/Customizable wooden cases/Designable packaging scheme
Customer industry Mechanical equipment/aerospace/automobile production line/automation equipment/bicycle/motorcycle/energy/chemical equipment/industrial electrical appliances
Software capability CAD 2007/ UG 10.0/ Solidwork
Delivery time Sample5-10 days/ Mass production 20-45days
Payment clause 30% advance payment +70% delivery payment T/T 
MOQ 1PCS

 

Packaging & Shipping

 

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, China GB Code
Surface Treatment: Electroplating
Production Type: Batch Production
Machining Method: CNC Turning
Material: Steel, Alloy, Aluminum
Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

How do spline shafts contribute to efficient power transmission?

Spline shafts play a vital role in enabling efficient power transmission in various mechanical systems. Here’s a detailed explanation of how spline shafts contribute to efficient power transmission:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts are designed to transmit torque from one component to another. They provide a positive, non-slip connection that allows for efficient power transfer without slippage or loss of energy. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a strong mechanical connection for torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

Spline shafts distribute the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. The teeth or grooves on the shaft’s spline profile ensure that the load is shared across multiple contact points. This even load distribution helps prevent localized stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. Efficient load distribution ensures that power is transmitted smoothly and reliably.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The spline profile design allows for angular or parallel misalignment without compromising the power transmission capability. This misalignment compensation capability is crucial in maintaining efficient power transmission in situations where perfect alignment is challenging or subject to variations.

4. High Torque Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque levels. The spline profile, engagement length, and material selection are optimized to handle the expected torque requirements. This high torque capacity ensures that the shaft can efficiently transmit power without experiencing excessive deflection or failure under normal operating conditions.

5. Torsional Stiffness:

Spline shafts exhibit high torsional stiffness, which means they resist twisting or torsional deflection when subjected to torque. The shaft’s design, including its diameter, spline profile, and material properties, contributes to its torsional stiffness. High torsional stiffness minimizes power loss due to deformation or flexing of the shaft, allowing for efficient power transmission.

6. Reliable Connection:

Spline shafts provide a reliable and repeatable connection between the driving and driven components. Once properly engaged, the spline shaft maintains its connection, ensuring consistent power transmission over time. This reliability is crucial in maintaining efficiency and preventing power loss or interruptions during operation.

7. Minimal Backlash:

Backlash refers to the slight rotational play or clearance between mating components. Spline shafts, when properly designed and manufactured, can minimize backlash in the power transmission system. Reduced backlash ensures smoother operation, improved accuracy, and efficiency by minimizing power losses associated with reversing or changing direction.

8. Compact Design:

Spline shafts offer a compact and space-efficient solution for power transmission. Their design allows for a relatively small footprint while providing robust torque transmission capabilities. The compact design is particularly advantageous in applications where space is limited, such as automotive drivetrains or compact machinery.

By incorporating spline shafts into mechanical systems, engineers can achieve efficient power transmission, ensuring that power is effectively transferred from the driving source to the driven components. The unique design features of spline shafts enable reliable torque transmission, even load distribution, misalignment compensation, high torque capacity, torsional stiffness, reliable connections, minimal backlash, and compactness.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China Standard Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft  China Standard Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft
editor by CX 2024-03-04

China high quality CNC Cylindrical Grinding Precision Machining Air Shaft Parts Carbon Stainless Steel Transmission Flexible Spline Output Shaft

Product Description

Product Description

Warranty

1 Year

Applicable Industries

Hotels, Garment Shops, Building Material Shops, Manufacturing Plant, Machinery Repair Shops, Food & Beverage Factory, Farms, Restaurant, Home Use, Retail, Food Shop, Printing Shops, Construction works , Energy & Mining, Food & Beverage Shops, Other, Advertising Company

Weight (KG)

1

Showroom Location

Viet Nam

Video outgoing-inspection

Provided

Machinery Test Report

Provided

Marketing Type

Ordinary Product

Warranty of core components

1 Year

Core Components

PLC, Engine, Bearing, Gearbox, Motor, Pressure vessel, Gear, Pump

Material

steel

Place of CHINAMFG

ZheJiang , China

Condition

New

Structure

Shaft

Coatings

Customized

Torque Capacity

Customized

Model Number

Customized

Brand Name

NON

Description

Shaft

Machining equipment

CNC mill,lathe and grind machine

Material

stainless steel, aluminium, carbon

Surface

Grinding and polishing

Shape

Customized

Sampling time

10days

Production time

20days

Packing

Protective packing

Tolerance

±0.001

OEM

Welcome

Production Process
Company Profile
HangZhou HUANENGDA SPRING CO.,LTD
 HangZhou HuaNengDa Spring Co., Ltd. is located in Tong ‘an District, HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. It is a hardware factory specializing in R&D design, manufacture and sales of precision components. The company introduces domestic and foreign advanced equipment and production technology, adopts CNC high-precision computer machine, compression spring machine, CNC five-axis linkage machining center, CNC turning and milling compound, 300 tons of punch and other mechanical equipment,and employs senior engineers with more than 10 years of work experience to debug mechanical equipment and customize production. 
   With the business philosophy of honesty, pragmatism and excellence, HuaNengDa Spring Company is dedicated to serving customers at home and abroad. We hope that the products of HuaNengDa will help your business to be more brilliant, let us build a bright future in the high-tech era!
   The testimony is pragmatic and the attitude of the people. Quality service is the pursuit of the people!

Factory Workshop

Production Procedur
Quality Inspection

Packing And Shipping
Our Service
FAQ
1.Small order quantity is workable
From the initial sample design of the spring to the mass production of the springs, we can quickly reach your manufacturing goals and immediately provide the best products because we have an excellent production management system and expertly trained technical personnel.
2.Committed to high quality production
To keep HuaNengDa Springs at the forefront of the industry, we have implemented a stringent internal quality control system and regularly import the latest manufacturing equipment and instruments. Through our precise manufacturing technology and expert mold making process, we provide our customers with the best products and service.
3.Efficiency in manufacturing
Our company’s machinery and equipment are controlled by CNC computers. In order to respond to international needs and standards, we continuously update and upgrade our equipment every year. Our machines effectively increase production capacity and save on manufacturing costs. The manufacturing department is the most important core of the whole company and by treating it with utmost importance, we reap great benefits in manufacturing efficiency.
4.Excellent customization services
HuaNengDa’s R&D team designs and completes customized products according to the needs of customers. From the selection of materials to the function of the products, we can design and develop products to suite different customers’ requirements. We are constantly involving ourselves in all aspects of the industry because only by having a complete view and analysis of the industry, can there be innovative breakthroughs.
Payment term
*T/T : 30% pre T/T, 70% before delivery.
*Trade Assurance
Service
*Delivery on time.
*Shipped by a convenient and cost-effective way.
*Good after-selling, 24 hours service for you.
Packing
*A: Poly bag, Plstic tray ,small box, carton.
*B: According to customers’ requirements.
Delivery
*Sample: 7-10 days after deposit received.
*Batch goods: 12-15 days after samples approved. /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Condition: New
Certification: ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Steel,Stainless Steel,Iron
Application: Metal Processing Machinery Parts
Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

What safety considerations should be kept in mind when working with spline shafts?

Working with spline shafts requires adherence to certain safety considerations to ensure the well-being of personnel and the proper functioning of the machinery or equipment. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

When working with spline shafts, individuals should wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, or contact with lubricants.

2. Lockout/Tagout Procedures:

Prior to performing any maintenance or repair work on machinery or equipment involving spline shafts, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the system, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup or release of stored energy.

3. Training and Competence:

Only trained and competent personnel should work with spline shafts. They should have a thorough understanding of the machinery or equipment, including the operation, maintenance, and safety procedures specific to spline shafts. Adequate training and knowledge help minimize the risk of accidents or improper handling.

4. Proper Handling and Lifting Techniques:

When moving or lifting machinery components that include spline shafts, proper techniques should be employed. This includes using appropriate lifting equipment, maintaining a stable posture, and avoiding sudden movements that could cause strain or injury.

5. Inspection and Maintenance:

Spline shafts should be regularly inspected for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Any abnormalities should be addressed promptly by qualified personnel. Routine maintenance, such as lubrication and cleaning, should be performed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

6. Correct Installation and Alignment:

During installation or replacement of spline shafts, proper alignment and fit should be ensured. The shafts should be correctly seated and engaged with the mating components, following the manufacturer’s guidelines. Improper installation or misalignment can lead to premature wear, excessive stress, or failure of the spline shafts.

7. Hazardous Environments:

When spline shafts are used in hazardous environments, such as those with flammable substances, extreme temperatures, or high vibrations, additional safety measures may be required. These may include explosion-proof enclosures, temperature monitoring, or vibration damping systems.

8. Emergency Procedures:

Emergency procedures should be established and communicated to all personnel working with spline shafts. This includes knowing the location of emergency stops, emergency shutdown procedures, and the contact information for emergency response personnel.

9. Manufacturer’s Guidelines:

It is essential to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations regarding the installation, operation, and maintenance of spline shafts. The manufacturer’s instructions provide specific safety information and precautions tailored to their product.

By taking these safety considerations into account and implementing appropriate measures, the risks associated with working with spline shafts can be minimized. Safety should always be a top priority when dealing with machinery or equipment that incorporates spline shafts.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China high quality CNC Cylindrical Grinding Precision Machining Air Shaft Parts Carbon Stainless Steel Transmission Flexible Spline Output Shaft  China high quality CNC Cylindrical Grinding Precision Machining Air Shaft Parts Carbon Stainless Steel Transmission Flexible Spline Output Shaft
editor by CX 2024-03-01

China Custom Customized Gear Shaft CNC Machining Custom Steel Gear Shaft High Precise Spline Gear Shaft

Product Description

CNC Precision Parts & OEM Parts Business Unit, 1 of our 3 most important business segment.

At the beginning, CNC BU was established for our own automation line spare parts demand, with our own CNC BU, our automation line can have fast and good non-standard spare parts supply, with a very good cost control.

During the last 10+ years, our CNC BU not only fulfilled our own demand, but also successfully supplied millions of non-standard spare parts according to our client’s demand.

Now with a 10+ years experienced team, highly equipped production workshop and test lab, our CNC BU grows to be a full solution precision spares supplier, we are familiar with German DIN standard, US ASTM standard, Japanese JIS standard, we can produce precision with um level in a constant quality base.

We can supply for you:
1. All kinds of Machining: Tuning, Milling, Grinding, Gear toothing, Wire cutting, Profile,  Threads, and so on.
2. All kinds of Metal Materials: Carbon Steel (e.g., C45,42CrMo,16MnCr5), Stainless Steel(e.g., 303, 304, 316), Aluminum Alloy(e.g., AlCuMg2, AlSi10Mg, AlSi8Cu3, AlSi12, AlMg9, ADC12, A360, A380), Brass/Copper(e.g., ZCuZn16Si4, CuZn10, CuSn4, CuNi18Sn20), and so on.
3. All kinds of shape: Hollow Shaft, Profile Shaft, Housing, Flange, and so on.
4. All kinds of heat-treatments
5. All kinds of Coating

For more information, welcome to contact us

/* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: ISO
Color: Customized
Customized: Customized
Standard: International
Type: Transmission
Material: Stainless Steel
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in environmental conditions?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in environmental conditions and maintain their performance and reliability. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Temperature Variations:

Spline shafts are engineered to withstand a wide range of temperature variations. They are constructed from materials that exhibit good thermal stability, such as high-grade steels or alloys. These materials have low coefficients of thermal expansion, minimizing the effects of temperature changes on the shaft’s dimensional stability. Additionally, proper lubrication with temperature-resistant lubricants helps reduce friction and wear in the spline engagement, even under extreme temperature conditions.

2. Moisture and Corrosion Resistance:

Spline shafts can be designed to resist moisture and corrosion, ensuring their performance in humid or corrosive environments. Protective coatings, such as platings or surface treatments, can be applied to the shaft’s surfaces to enhance their resistance to moisture, oxidation, and corrosion. Additionally, selecting materials with inherent corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or specialized alloys, can further enhance the spline shaft’s ability to handle environmental conditions.

3. Dust and Contaminant Protection:

Spline shafts used in environments with high levels of dust, dirt, or contaminants can be equipped with protective measures. Seals, gaskets, or covers can be employed to prevent the ingress of particles into the spline engagement. These protective measures help maintain the integrity of the spline profile, minimize wear, and ensure smooth operation even in dirty or dusty conditions.

4. Lubrication and Maintenance:

Proper lubrication is essential for the reliable operation of spline shafts, especially in challenging environmental conditions. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and additives can be selected to provide effective lubrication and protection against wear, friction, and corrosion. Regular maintenance and lubrication intervals should be followed to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

5. Shock and Vibration Resistance:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand shock and vibration encountered in various applications. The spline engagement and shaft design can incorporate features such as tighter tolerances, increased contact area, or damping elements to minimize the effects of shock and vibration. Additionally, proper fastening and mounting techniques help secure the shaft and reduce the risk of loosening or failure due to dynamic loads.

6. Environmental Sealing:

In certain applications where spline shafts are exposed to harsh environmental conditions, such as underwater or in chemical environments, environmental sealing can be employed. Sealing methods such as O-rings, gaskets, or specialized seals provide an additional barrier against external elements, ensuring the integrity and performance of the spline shaft.

7. Compliance with Standards:

Spline shafts used in specific industries or applications may need to comply with industry standards or regulations regarding environmental conditions. Manufacturers can design and test their spline shafts to meet these requirements, ensuring that the shafts can handle the specified environmental conditions and perform reliably.

By incorporating design considerations, appropriate materials, protective coatings, lubrication, and maintenance practices, spline shafts can effectively handle variations in environmental conditions. This enables them to maintain their functionality, performance, and longevity even in challenging operating environments.

spline shaft

Can you explain the common applications of spline shafts in machinery?

Spline shafts have various common applications in machinery where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Gearboxes and Transmissions:

Spline shafts are commonly used in gearboxes and transmissions where they facilitate the transmission of torque from the input shaft to the output shaft. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the gears, allowing for precise torque transfer and accommodating relative movement between the gears.

2. Power Take-Off (PTO) Units:

In agricultural and industrial machinery, spline shafts are employed in power take-off (PTO) units. PTO units allow the transfer of power from the engine to auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, generators, or farm implements. Spline shafts enable the torque transfer and accommodate the relative movement required for PTO operation.

3. Steering Systems:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in steering systems, especially in vehicles. They are used in steering columns to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. The splines on the shaft ensure precise torque transfer while allowing for the axial movement required for steering wheel adjustment.

4. Machine Tools:

Spline shafts find applications in machine tools such as milling machines, lathes, and grinding machines. They are used to transmit torque and enable the relative movement required for tool positioning, feed control, and spindle rotation. Spline shafts ensure accurate and controlled movement of the machine tool components.

5. Industrial Pumps and Compressors:

Spline shafts are utilized in various types of pumps and compressors, including centrifugal pumps, gear pumps, and reciprocating compressors. They transmit torque from the driver (such as an electric motor or an engine) to the impeller or rotor, enabling fluid or gas transfer. Spline shafts accommodate the axial or radial movement caused by thermal expansion or misalignment.

6. Printing and Packaging Machinery:

Spline shafts are integral components in printing and packaging machinery. They are used in processes such as web handling, where precise torque transmission and relative movement are required for tasks like tension control, registration, and material feeding. Spline shafts ensure accurate and synchronized movement of the printing and packaging elements.

7. Aerospace and Defense Systems:

In the aerospace and defense industries, spline shafts are utilized in various applications, including aircraft landing gear systems, missile guidance systems, and helicopter rotor systems. They enable torque transmission, accommodate relative movement, and ensure precise control in critical aerospace and defense mechanisms.

8. Construction and Earthmoving Equipment:

Spline shafts are employed in construction and earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, bulldozers, and loaders. They are used in hydraulic systems to transmit torque from the hydraulic motor to the driven components, such as the digger arm or the bucket. Spline shafts enable efficient power transfer and allow for the articulation and movement of the equipment.

These are just a few examples of the common applications of spline shafts in machinery. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them essential components in various industries where precise power transfer and flexibility are required.

China Custom Customized Gear Shaft CNC Machining Custom Steel Gear Shaft High Precise Spline Gear Shaft  China Custom Customized Gear Shaft CNC Machining Custom Steel Gear Shaft High Precise Spline Gear Shaft
editor by CX 2024-02-12

China factory CNC Steel Gear Shaft Spline Shaft CNC Machining

Product Description

CNC Steel Gear Shaft Spline Shaft CNC Machining

Material: steel, stainless steel, carbon steel, 

Surface treatment: sand blast, polishing, painting, powder coating

Machining: grinding, tapping, drilling, cnc

Application: engineering machinery parts, agricultural casting, construction equipment

Processing Gear shaft spline shaft cnc machining auto parts
Applicable Material Aluminum/zinc alloy, iron, steel alloy, plastic, brass, steel, and stainless steel 
Surface treatment polishing,zinc plating,nickel plating,chrome plating,anodizing.
Drawing format IGS,SLD 2012,X_T,STEP,CAD 2012 and PDF 
Annual Capacity: 200,000pcs
Quality Control ISO 9001, TS 16949, AS 9100C
Tolerance: +/-0.005mm
Lead Time: 7-15 days
QC System: Select or 100% inspection before shipment.
Shipment Terms: express&air freight priority/sea freight/ As per customized specifications

 

                

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Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Crankshaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be repaired or maintained when necessary?

Yes, spline shafts can be repaired and maintained when necessary to ensure their continued functionality and performance. Here are some ways spline shafts can be repaired and maintained:

1. Inspection and Assessment:

When an issue is suspected with a spline shaft, the first step is to conduct a thorough inspection. This involves examining the shaft for any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Special attention is given to the spline teeth, which may show signs of wear or deformation. Through inspection and assessment, the extent of the repair or maintenance required can be determined.

2. Spline Tooth Repair:

If the spline teeth are damaged or worn, they can be repaired or replaced. Repair methods may include re-machining the teeth to restore their original profile, filling and reshaping the worn areas using specialized welding techniques, or replacing the damaged section of the spline shaft. The specific repair method depends on the severity of the damage and the material of the spline shaft.

3. Lubrication and Cleaning:

Regular lubrication and cleaning are essential for maintaining spline shafts. Lubricants help reduce friction and wear between the mating surfaces, while cleaning removes contaminants that can affect the spline’s engagement. During maintenance, old lubricants are removed, and fresh lubricants are applied to ensure smooth operation and prevent premature failure.

4. Surface Treatment:

If the spline shaft undergoes wear or corrosion, surface treatment can be applied to restore its condition. This may involve applying coatings or treatments to enhance the hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance of the spline shaft. Surface treatments can improve the longevity and performance of the spline shaft, reducing the need for frequent repairs.

5. Balancing and Alignment:

If a spline shaft is experiencing vibration or misalignment issues, it may require balancing or realignment. Balancing involves redistributing mass along the shaft to minimize vibrations, while alignment ensures proper mating and engagement with other components. Balancing and alignment procedures help optimize the performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

6. Replacement:

In cases where the spline shaft is severely damaged or worn beyond repair, replacement may be necessary. Replacement spline shafts can be sourced from manufacturers or specialized suppliers who can provide shafts that meet the required specifications and tolerances.

It’s important to note that the repair and maintenance of spline shafts should be carried out by qualified professionals with expertise in precision machining and mechanical systems. They have the knowledge and tools to properly assess, repair, or replace spline shafts, ensuring the integrity and functionality of the system in which they are used.

By implementing regular maintenance and timely repairs, spline shafts can be kept in optimal condition, extending their lifespan and maintaining their performance in various mechanical applications.

spline shaft

Can you explain the common applications of spline shafts in machinery?

Spline shafts have various common applications in machinery where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Gearboxes and Transmissions:

Spline shafts are commonly used in gearboxes and transmissions where they facilitate the transmission of torque from the input shaft to the output shaft. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the gears, allowing for precise torque transfer and accommodating relative movement between the gears.

2. Power Take-Off (PTO) Units:

In agricultural and industrial machinery, spline shafts are employed in power take-off (PTO) units. PTO units allow the transfer of power from the engine to auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, generators, or farm implements. Spline shafts enable the torque transfer and accommodate the relative movement required for PTO operation.

3. Steering Systems:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in steering systems, especially in vehicles. They are used in steering columns to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. The splines on the shaft ensure precise torque transfer while allowing for the axial movement required for steering wheel adjustment.

4. Machine Tools:

Spline shafts find applications in machine tools such as milling machines, lathes, and grinding machines. They are used to transmit torque and enable the relative movement required for tool positioning, feed control, and spindle rotation. Spline shafts ensure accurate and controlled movement of the machine tool components.

5. Industrial Pumps and Compressors:

Spline shafts are utilized in various types of pumps and compressors, including centrifugal pumps, gear pumps, and reciprocating compressors. They transmit torque from the driver (such as an electric motor or an engine) to the impeller or rotor, enabling fluid or gas transfer. Spline shafts accommodate the axial or radial movement caused by thermal expansion or misalignment.

6. Printing and Packaging Machinery:

Spline shafts are integral components in printing and packaging machinery. They are used in processes such as web handling, where precise torque transmission and relative movement are required for tasks like tension control, registration, and material feeding. Spline shafts ensure accurate and synchronized movement of the printing and packaging elements.

7. Aerospace and Defense Systems:

In the aerospace and defense industries, spline shafts are utilized in various applications, including aircraft landing gear systems, missile guidance systems, and helicopter rotor systems. They enable torque transmission, accommodate relative movement, and ensure precise control in critical aerospace and defense mechanisms.

8. Construction and Earthmoving Equipment:

Spline shafts are employed in construction and earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, bulldozers, and loaders. They are used in hydraulic systems to transmit torque from the hydraulic motor to the driven components, such as the digger arm or the bucket. Spline shafts enable efficient power transfer and allow for the articulation and movement of the equipment.

These are just a few examples of the common applications of spline shafts in machinery. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them essential components in various industries where precise power transfer and flexibility are required.

China factory CNC Steel Gear Shaft Spline Shaft CNC Machining  China factory CNC Steel Gear Shaft Spline Shaft CNC Machining
editor by CX 2024-01-31

China high quality Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft

Product Description

Product Description

rotation axis of rotation is due to the fact that as an object rotates, its points move in circles, and the centers of these circles lie on the same line.
Rotation is a common type of motion. When an object rotates, its points move in circles. The centers of these circles lie on the same line. This line is called the axis of rotation. Doors, Windows, grinding wheels, motor rotors, etc., have fixed rotating shaft, can only be rotated, but not translational. Several forces act on a body, and their rotational action on the body depends on the algebraic sum of their torques. If the algebraic sum of moments is equal to zero, the object will rotate uniformly with the original angular velocity or stay at rest.
The drive shaft is a rotating body with high speed and little support, so its dynamic balance is very important. The general drive shaft before leaving the factory must enter the action balance test, and the balance machine has been adjusted. For front-engine rear-wheel drive cars is the shaft that transfers the rotation of the transmission to the main reducer, which can be several segments, and the segments can be connected by universal joints.

Hebe (ZheJiang ) Industrial Co., LTD was founded in 2018. The company covers an area of 1500 square meter and has 15 employees, including 1 designer and 2 CNC programmers. Heber Company specializes in providing all kinds of parts processing. The process includes CNC milling, CNC turning, CNC grinding, large CNC machining, Wire cutting, EDM machining. Our machining accuracy can reach 0.005mm. Surface grinding finish up to 0.8um.mirror polish is up to 0.4um.
 company provides parts processing for various industries. For example, packaging machinery, slitter machine, aerospace, electronic machinery, cigarette machine, gear machinery, automatic assembly machine, power tools, semiconductor equipment, automobile production line, automobile, motorcycle, bicycle, 3D printer, plastic machinery, robot and so on. We can provide zinc plating, nickel plating, oxidation, heat treatment, chrome plating, PVD, spray, spray paint, black phosphating and other surface treatment processes.
Hebe can also provide mechanical assembly work for customers. We have skilled fitters and assembly workers. We can complete detailed work from CNC machining to assembly. PLC program, electronic parts procurement, automation components procurement, etc. We have assembled non – target automation equipment, slitting machines, packaging machines, etc.

Equipment name CNC lathe /CNC milling machine /CNC grinder /EDM/ vertical milling machine/linear cutting /4-5 axis CNC milling machine/large size CNC milling machine/Laser cutting/CNC Bending machine
Testing instrument Inside diameter measurement/outside diameter measurement/caliper/height measurement/CMM measurement
Material Steel/Aluminium alloy/ copper/ Alloy steel /Titanium alloy/ nylon /PTFE  /Stainless steel /mold steel/ Brass/copper/tungsten steel/high strength stainless steel
 
Surface treatment Polishing/electroplating/oxidation/spraying/nitriding/phosphating/heat treatment
Product packaging 1200x800mm tray/500x500x500mm carton/Customizable wooden cases/Designable packaging scheme
Customer industry Mechanical equipment/aerospace/automobile production line/automation equipment/bicycle/motorcycle/energy/chemical equipment/industrial electrical appliances
Software capability CAD 2007/ UG 10.0/ Solidwork
Delivery time Sample5-10 days/ Mass production 20-45days
Payment clause 30% advance payment +70% delivery payment T/T 
MOQ 1PCS

 

Packaging & Shipping

 

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Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, China GB Code
Surface Treatment: Electroplating
Production Type: Batch Production
Machining Method: CNC Turning
Material: Steel, Alloy, Aluminum
Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be applied in aerospace and aviation equipment?

Yes, spline shafts are commonly applied in aerospace and aviation equipment due to their ability to transmit torque and provide precise rotational motion. Here’s how spline shafts are used in the aerospace and aviation industry:

1. Aircraft Engines:

Spline shafts are utilized in aircraft engines for various purposes. They can be found in the engine’s accessory gearbox, where they transmit torque from the engine to drive auxiliary components such as fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, generators, and engine starters. Spline shafts are also present in the engine’s variable geometry systems, which control the position of components like variable stator vanes or variable inlet guide vanes.

2. Flight Control Systems:

Spline shafts play a vital role in aircraft flight control systems. They are employed in the actuators and control mechanisms that operate the flaps, ailerons, elevators, rudders, and other control surfaces. Spline shafts enable precise and efficient transfer of control inputs from the cockpit to the respective control surfaces, contributing to the maneuverability and stability of the aircraft.

3. Landing Gear:

Spline shafts are used in the landing gear systems of aircraft. They can be found in components such as the landing gear actuator, which extends and retracts the landing gear, and the steering mechanism that controls the nose wheel. Spline shafts in landing gear systems need to withstand high loads, provide reliable operation, and ensure precise movement for safe and smooth landings and takeoffs.

4. Helicopter Rotors:

Helicopters rely on spline shafts in the main rotor assembly. The main rotor shaft, which transfers power from the helicopter’s engine to the rotor blades, often incorporates splines to ensure a secure connection and efficient torque transmission. Spline shafts are critical for maintaining stable and precise rotation of the rotor blades, allowing for controlled lift and maneuverability.

5. Auxiliary Systems:

Spline shafts are also applied in various auxiliary systems in aerospace and aviation equipment. These include systems such as power transmission for onboard generators, environmental control systems, fuel control systems, and hydraulic systems. Spline shafts in these applications contribute to the reliable operation and efficient functioning of the auxiliary equipment.

In aerospace and aviation applications, spline shafts are designed to meet stringent requirements for strength, durability, precision, and weight reduction. They are often made from high-strength materials such as titanium or alloy steel to withstand the demanding operating conditions and weight constraints of aircraft. Additionally, advanced manufacturing techniques are employed to ensure the dimensional accuracy and quality of spline shafts for critical aerospace applications.

The use of spline shafts in aerospace and aviation equipment enables precise control, efficient power transmission, and reliable operation, contributing to the safety, performance, and functionality of aircraft and related systems.

spline shaft

How does a spline shaft differ from other types of shafts?

A spline shaft differs from other types of shafts in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Spline Structure:

A spline shaft features a series of ridges or teeth (splines) that are machined onto its surface. These splines create a precise and controlled interface with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. In contrast, other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, do not have the splines and rely on different mechanisms for torque transmission.

2. Torque Transmission and Relative Movement:

Unlike plain shafts or keyed shafts, which transmit torque through a frictional or mechanical connection, spline shafts allow for both torque transmission and relative movement between the shaft and mating components. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating an interlock that transfers rotational force while accommodating axial or radial displacement. This feature provides flexibility and is particularly useful in applications where misalignment or relative movement needs to be accommodated.

3. Load Distribution:

One of the advantages of spline shafts is their ability to distribute loads over a larger surface area. The multiple contact points created by the splines help distribute the applied load evenly along the shaft’s length. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. In contrast, other types of shafts may rely on a single keyway or frictional contact, which can result in higher stress concentrations and limited load distribution.

4. Design Flexibility:

Spline shafts offer greater design flexibility compared to other types of shafts. The number, size, and shape of the splines can be customized to meet specific design requirements. This allows for optimization of torque transmission, load-bearing capacity, and relative movement characteristics based on the application’s needs. Other types of shafts may have more standardized designs and limited customization options.

5. Application Variability:

Spline shafts find widespread use in various industries and applications where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are crucial. They are commonly employed in gearboxes, power transmission systems, steering mechanisms, and other rotational systems. Other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, may be more suitable for applications that require simpler torque transmission without the need for relative movement.

6. Installation and Maintenance:

When compared to other types of shafts, spline shafts may require more precise machining and alignment during installation. The mating components must be accurately matched to ensure proper engagement and torque transfer. Additionally, spline shafts may require periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure the integrity of the splines and optimal performance.

In summary, spline shafts differ from other types of shafts due to their spline structure, ability to accommodate relative movement, load distribution capability, design flexibility, application variability, and specific installation and maintenance requirements. These characteristics make spline shafts well-suited for applications that demand precise torque transmission, flexibility, and load distribution.

China high quality Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft  China high quality Shaft CNC Machining Shaft Flange Shaft Roller Shaft Drive Shaft Gear Shaft Spline Shaft Logistics Equipment Shaft Conveyor Shaft Coater Shaft
editor by CX 2024-01-19

China high quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

What safety considerations should be kept in mind when working with spline shafts?

Working with spline shafts requires adherence to certain safety considerations to ensure the well-being of personnel and the proper functioning of the machinery or equipment. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

When working with spline shafts, individuals should wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, or contact with lubricants.

2. Lockout/Tagout Procedures:

Prior to performing any maintenance or repair work on machinery or equipment involving spline shafts, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the system, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup or release of stored energy.

3. Training and Competence:

Only trained and competent personnel should work with spline shafts. They should have a thorough understanding of the machinery or equipment, including the operation, maintenance, and safety procedures specific to spline shafts. Adequate training and knowledge help minimize the risk of accidents or improper handling.

4. Proper Handling and Lifting Techniques:

When moving or lifting machinery components that include spline shafts, proper techniques should be employed. This includes using appropriate lifting equipment, maintaining a stable posture, and avoiding sudden movements that could cause strain or injury.

5. Inspection and Maintenance:

Spline shafts should be regularly inspected for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Any abnormalities should be addressed promptly by qualified personnel. Routine maintenance, such as lubrication and cleaning, should be performed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

6. Correct Installation and Alignment:

During installation or replacement of spline shafts, proper alignment and fit should be ensured. The shafts should be correctly seated and engaged with the mating components, following the manufacturer’s guidelines. Improper installation or misalignment can lead to premature wear, excessive stress, or failure of the spline shafts.

7. Hazardous Environments:

When spline shafts are used in hazardous environments, such as those with flammable substances, extreme temperatures, or high vibrations, additional safety measures may be required. These may include explosion-proof enclosures, temperature monitoring, or vibration damping systems.

8. Emergency Procedures:

Emergency procedures should be established and communicated to all personnel working with spline shafts. This includes knowing the location of emergency stops, emergency shutdown procedures, and the contact information for emergency response personnel.

9. Manufacturer’s Guidelines:

It is essential to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations regarding the installation, operation, and maintenance of spline shafts. The manufacturer’s instructions provide specific safety information and precautions tailored to their product.

By taking these safety considerations into account and implementing appropriate measures, the risks associated with working with spline shafts can be minimized. Safety should always be a top priority when dealing with machinery or equipment that incorporates spline shafts.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation?

Spline shafts play a crucial role in achieving precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Here’s how spline shafts contribute to these characteristics:

1. Interlocking Design:

Spline shafts feature a series of ridges or teeth, known as splines, that interlock with corresponding grooves or slots in mating components. This interlocking design ensures a positive connection between the shaft and the mating part, allowing for precise and consistent rotation. The engagement between the splines provides resistance to axial and radial movement, minimizing play or backlash that can introduce inaccuracies in rotation.

2. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied torque evenly, reducing stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of localized deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts contribute to consistent rotation and prevent excessive wear on specific areas of the shaft or the mating components.

3. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts are specifically designed to transmit torque efficiently from one component to another. The close fit between the splines ensures a high torque-carrying capacity, enabling the shaft to transfer rotational force without significant power loss. This efficient torque transmission contributes to precise and consistent rotation, allowing for accurate positioning and motion control in various applications.

4. Rigidity and Stiffness:

Spline shafts are typically constructed from materials with high rigidity and stiffness, such as steel or alloy. This inherent rigidity helps maintain the dimensional integrity of the shaft and minimizes deflection or bending under load. By providing a stable and stiff rotational axis, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation, particularly in applications that require tight tolerances or high-speed operation.

5. Alignment and Centering:

The interlocking nature of spline shafts aids in the alignment and centering of rotating components. The splines ensure proper positioning and orientation of the shaft relative to the mating part, facilitating concentric rotation. This alignment helps prevent wobbling, vibrations, and eccentricity, which can adversely affect rotation accuracy and consistency.

6. Lubrication and Wear Reduction:

Proper lubrication of spline shafts is essential for maintaining precise and consistent rotation. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing stick-slip phenomena that can cause irregular rotation. The use of lubrication also helps dissipate heat generated during operation, ensuring optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

By incorporating interlocking design, load distribution, efficient torque transmission, rigidity, alignment, and lubrication, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Their reliable and accurate rotational characteristics make them suitable for a wide range of applications, from automotive and aerospace to machinery and robotics.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China high quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China high quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2024-01-11

China Good quality CNC Machining Stainless Steel/Steel Spline Shafts

Product Description

product description

Material   Stainless Steel, Brass, Aluminum, Steel, Carbon Steel, Copper & etc
Precision Processing  Drilling, Milling, CNC turning, Grinding, Wire cutting, EDM & etc
Dimension  As per customers’ request
Surface treatment Anodize; polishing; zinc/nickel/chrome/gold plating, sand blasting,   Phosphate coating & etc
Tolerance ±0.01mm ~± 0.05mm/can also be customized
Part Color  Silver, Red, Blue, Gold, Oliver, Black, White & etc
Quality control 100% inspection before shipment
Samples  Acceptable
Production output 100.000 pieces/ month
Productin range  from 1-2000mm with tolerance ±0.01mm                                     
Experience 7 years of professional  OEM service
Ability To develop hundreds of new parts annually.                               
 Packaging  carton box, wooden case/according to the clients
 delivery time 45 days regularly /Based on the quantity of order 
Shipping By sea, By air, By DHL,UPS ,TNT& etc.
 Term of Payment  T/T. L/C or Customer’s request

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Company Profile
1.  We are cnc machining/turning/Stamping/Casting supplier in HangZhou .

2.   We  provide goods  in  high quality and competitive price and professional service .

3.  “Excellence, Responsibility, Science”is the pursuit of our company. 

4.  Material:brass, stainless steel, aluminum, plastic ,etc.

                            HangZhou CHINAMFG Machinery Technology Co., Ltd

HangZhou CHINAMFG Machinery Technology Co., Ltd  is a subsidiary company of HangZhou Kehong Machinery Co.,Ltd.   We specialize in manufacturing: precision CNC machining parts, hardware components, standard and non- standard parts, general machinery and photovoltaic components ect. We provide the complete machining-service: turning, milling,drilling,grinding,boring, bending,stamping, welding,surface treatment, laser machining, wire EDM, and other CNC machining fabricating according to samples or drawings from customers.

We have the main equipments over 20 units: Vertical machining centers-6 sets, Horizontal machining center-1 set ,CNC lathes-4 sets, ,plain  milling machine ,engine Lathe, Surface grinder and others.our testing equipments: Switzerland electronic digital display measuring grohe, Rockwell apparatus ,micrometer,vernier caliper, etc.  

” Excellence, Responsibility, Science ” is the pursuit of our company. We have the united team with scientific technology and  responsible  attitude. It is the key base for making the excellent quality & service for you and achieving the win-win business. 

Equipment List
          equipment name processing range spindle taper number note
 Horizontal machining center 1100×750×650 ISO50 1 four-axis
 Vertical machining center 1300×650×920 ISO50 2 four-axis
 Vertical machining center 1100×600×750 ISO50 1 four-axis
 Vertical machining center 1070×560×750 ISO40 1 four-axis
 Vertical machining center 800×450×550 ISO40 2  
cnc lathe 6150 Ø500×850   3  
cnc lathe CJK 0571 Ø220×310   1  
engine 6150 Ø500×1500   2  
engine 6140 Ø400×100   2  
surface grinder 7130 1000×300   1  
vertical milling machine 700×320×450   2  
horizontal milling machine 600×320×450   1  
 Drilling machine with jointed arm Ø40×1100   1  
bench drill φ20   3  
tapper M16   1  
vernier caliper 0-1000mm   28  
depthometer 0-300mm   6  
tongue 0-500mm   3  
micrometer 0-255mm   25  
electronic digital display measuring grohe 400MM   1 Switzerland
Rockwell apparatus     1  

 

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Condition: New
Certification: CE, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Samples:
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spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in torque and rotational force?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in torque and rotational force in mechanical systems. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Interlocking Splines:

Spline shafts have a series of interlocking splines along their length. These splines engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, such as gears or couplings. The interlocking design ensures a secure and robust connection, capable of transmitting torque and rotational force.

2. Load Distribution:

When torque is applied to a spline shaft, the load is distributed across the entire engagement surface of the splines. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The load distribution capability of spline shafts allows them to handle variations in torque and rotational force effectively.

3. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from materials with high strength and durability, such as alloy steels. The material selection is crucial in handling variations in torque and rotational force. It ensures that the spline shaft can withstand the applied loads without deformation or failure.

4. Spline Profile:

The design of the spline profile also contributes to the handling of torque variations. The spline profile determines the contact area and the distribution of forces along the splines. By optimizing the spline profile, manufacturers can enhance the load-carrying capacity and improve the ability of the spline shaft to handle variations in torque.

5. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

Proper surface finish and lubrication play a crucial role in the performance of spline shafts. A smooth surface finish reduces friction and wear, while suitable lubrication minimizes heat generation and ensures smooth operation. These factors help in handling variations in torque and rotational force by reducing the impact of friction and wear on the spline engagement.

6. Design Considerations:

Engineers take several design considerations into account to ensure spline shafts can handle variations in torque and rotational force. These considerations include appropriate spline dimensions, tooth profile geometry, spline fit tolerance, and the selection of mating components. By carefully designing the spline shaft and its mating components, engineers can optimize the system’s performance and reliability.

7. Overload Protection:

In some applications, spline shafts may be equipped with overload protection mechanisms. These mechanisms, such as shear pins or torque limiters, are designed to disconnect the drive temporarily or slip when the torque exceeds a certain threshold. This protects the spline shaft and other components from damage due to excessive torque.

Overall, spline shafts handle variations in torque and rotational force through their interlocking splines, load distribution capability, appropriate material selection, optimized spline profiles, surface finish, lubrication, design considerations, and, in some cases, overload protection mechanisms. These features ensure efficient torque transmission and enable spline shafts to withstand the demands of various mechanical systems.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in automotive applications, and if so, how?

Yes, spline shafts are extensively used in automotive applications due to their ability to transmit torque and provide reliable power transmission. Here’s how spline shafts are used in automotive applications:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in various automotive systems and components, including:

  • Drivetrain: Spline shafts are an integral part of the drivetrain system in vehicles. They transmit torque from the engine to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move. Spline shafts are present in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts. In manual transmissions, the spline shaft connects the transmission input shaft to the clutch disc, enabling power transfer from the engine. In automatic transmissions, spline shafts are used in the torque converter and the output shaft.
  • Steering System: Spline shafts are employed in the steering system to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. They provide a direct connection between the driver’s input and the movement of the wheels, allowing for steering control.
  • Power Take-Off (PTO) Systems: Some vehicles, particularly commercial trucks and agricultural machinery, utilize PTO systems. Spline shafts are used in PTOs to transfer power from the vehicle’s engine to auxiliary equipment, such as hydraulic pumps, generators, or agricultural implements.
  • Transfer Cases: In four-wheel-drive (4WD) or all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles, transfer cases are used to distribute power to the front and rear axles. Spline shafts are utilized in the transfer case to transfer torque between the transmission and the front and rear drive shafts.
  • Propeller Shafts: Spline shafts are present in propeller shafts, which transmit torque from the transmission or transfer case to the rear axle in rear-wheel-drive vehicles. They accommodate the relative movement between the transmission and the axle due to suspension travel.

In automotive applications, spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads, provide precise torque transmission, and accommodate misalignments and fluctuations in operating conditions. They are typically made from high-strength steel or alloy materials to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Proper lubrication is essential to minimize friction and ensure smooth operation.

The use of spline shafts in automotive applications allows for efficient power transmission, precise control, and reliable performance, contributing to the overall functionality and drivability of vehicles.

spline shaft

How does a spline shaft differ from other types of shafts?

A spline shaft differs from other types of shafts in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Spline Structure:

A spline shaft features a series of ridges or teeth (splines) that are machined onto its surface. These splines create a precise and controlled interface with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. In contrast, other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, do not have the splines and rely on different mechanisms for torque transmission.

2. Torque Transmission and Relative Movement:

Unlike plain shafts or keyed shafts, which transmit torque through a frictional or mechanical connection, spline shafts allow for both torque transmission and relative movement between the shaft and mating components. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating an interlock that transfers rotational force while accommodating axial or radial displacement. This feature provides flexibility and is particularly useful in applications where misalignment or relative movement needs to be accommodated.

3. Load Distribution:

One of the advantages of spline shafts is their ability to distribute loads over a larger surface area. The multiple contact points created by the splines help distribute the applied load evenly along the shaft’s length. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. In contrast, other types of shafts may rely on a single keyway or frictional contact, which can result in higher stress concentrations and limited load distribution.

4. Design Flexibility:

Spline shafts offer greater design flexibility compared to other types of shafts. The number, size, and shape of the splines can be customized to meet specific design requirements. This allows for optimization of torque transmission, load-bearing capacity, and relative movement characteristics based on the application’s needs. Other types of shafts may have more standardized designs and limited customization options.

5. Application Variability:

Spline shafts find widespread use in various industries and applications where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are crucial. They are commonly employed in gearboxes, power transmission systems, steering mechanisms, and other rotational systems. Other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, may be more suitable for applications that require simpler torque transmission without the need for relative movement.

6. Installation and Maintenance:

When compared to other types of shafts, spline shafts may require more precise machining and alignment during installation. The mating components must be accurately matched to ensure proper engagement and torque transfer. Additionally, spline shafts may require periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure the integrity of the splines and optimal performance.

In summary, spline shafts differ from other types of shafts due to their spline structure, ability to accommodate relative movement, load distribution capability, design flexibility, application variability, and specific installation and maintenance requirements. These characteristics make spline shafts well-suited for applications that demand precise torque transmission, flexibility, and load distribution.

China Good quality CNC Machining Stainless Steel/Steel Spline Shafts  China Good quality CNC Machining Stainless Steel/Steel Spline Shafts
editor by CX 2024-01-09