Tag Archives: gear parts

China Professional 50cn CZPT CZPT Loader Gear Box Parts 40 Tooth Spline Shaft

Product Description

50CN CHINAMFG CHINAMFG loader gear box parts 40 tooth spline shaft

Title 50CN CHINAMFG CHINAMFG loader gear box parts 40 tooth spline shaft
Part Name spline shaft
Part No. Liugong 50C
Brand  Liugong 
Condition Original/genuine parts
Net Weight  
Packaging Safety carton or wooden box
Delivery time 2-5 working days

 
Company

ZheJiang CHINAMFG International Trade Co., Ltd. was founded in 2001,We are engaged in chinese brand wheel loader spare parts wholesale and export business,We have own brand spare parts ,2,000 square CHINAMFG of warehouse can ensure enough inventory,Products are exported to Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia and other countries.
Spare parts of each system including:Power system,Torque Converter and Transmission system,Power train, Hydraulic system,Brake system,Sheet metal system,Cab and accessorie,Conditioner system,Electrical system,Oil product, etc.
Wheel Loader Multi-function Auxiliaries : Wood grabber, pipe grabber, cotton grabber, grass grabber, sweeper, marble fork, snow shovel, snow thrower, ditch opener, etc.
In addition, we are also engaged in part of excavator accessories and engine parts.
High quality products,enough stock,19 years export experience,we can offer professional service and competitive prices for you .
ZheJiang CHINAMFG looking CHINAMFG to cooperation with you !

Contact
 

 

 

Please feel free to contact me.

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Type: Spline Shaft
Application: Gear Box
Certification: ISO9001: 2000
Condition: New
Transport Package: Carton Box
Trademark: Liugong
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?

Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:

1. Steel:

Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.

2. Alloy Steel:

Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.

3. Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.

4. Aluminum:

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.

5. Titanium:

Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.

6. Brass:

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

7. Plastics and Composite Materials:

In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.

It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.

spline shaft

What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?

A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Shaft Body:

The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.

2. Splines:

The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.

3. Spline Profile:

The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.

4. Spline Fit:

The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.

5. Surface Finish:

The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.

6. Lubrication:

To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.

7. Machining Tolerances:

Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.

In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.

China Professional 50cn CZPT CZPT Loader Gear Box Parts 40 Tooth Spline Shaft  China Professional 50cn CZPT CZPT Loader Gear Box Parts 40 Tooth Spline Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-08

China Popular For Sales New Design pto drive shaft With CE spline Tractor Spare Parts agricultural machinery parts gear box gearbox drive shaft bushing

Problem: New
Guarantee: 1.5 a long time
Applicable Industries: Production Plant, pto shaft
Showroom Place: Italy
Online video outgoing-inspection: Presented
Equipment Take a look at Report: Supplied
Marketing and advertising Type: New Merchandise 2571
Sort: Shafts
Use: Harvesters
certificate: CE
Material: Metallic
Colour: Yellow&Black
Processing of yoke: Forging
Processing of tube: Chilly drawn
Certificate: CE Certificate
Soon after Guarantee Services: Online help
Neighborhood Service Location: None
Packaging Particulars: carton/iron crate
Port: HangZhou or ZheJiang

Item Information Product Data PTO ShaftThe electricity consider-off (PTO) is a advanced mechanism, making it possible for implements to draw energy from the motor and transmit it to an additional application. It functions as a mechanical gearbox which can be mounted on the vehicle’ Performance Racing Steering Shaft Steel U Joint Universal Joint s transmission.
The power consider-off shaft (PTO shaft) is a crucial element, made and produced for ongoing weighty-responsibility use. A great PTO shaft ought to be powerful enough to bear the torsion and shear tension and minimize vibration.
Setforge, the forging subsidiary of At any time-Electricity Team, Factory Immediately plastic conveyor break up machined sprocket manufactures cold extruded PTO shafts for all varieties of agriculture vehicles. Our PTO shafts provide great dependability and durability in the course of daily use.
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After Warranty Service Movie technological help
Applicable Industries Production Plant
Nearby Provider Area Italy
Showroom Location Italy
Warranty 1.5 several years
Type Shafts
Spot of Origin China
China ZHangZhoug
Model Title EPG
certification CE
Content Metallic
Colour Yellow&Black
Processing of yoke Forging
Processing of tube Cold drawn
Certification CE Certificate

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Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are two common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only six bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, three spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Popular For Sales New Design pto drive shaft With CE spline Tractor Spare Parts agricultural machinery parts gear box gearbox     drive shaft bushing	China Popular For Sales New Design pto drive shaft With CE spline Tractor Spare Parts agricultural machinery parts gear box gearbox     drive shaft bushing
editor by czh 2023-02-20

China OEM Factory Price Forged Steel 42CrMo Machine Parts Large Module Pinion Spline Gear Shaft drive shaft ends

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US $1,000-1,500
/ Piece
|
1 Piece

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: as Requirement
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Cut Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: as Requirement
Material: Stainless Steel

###

Customization:

###

No. Item Inspection Area Acceptance Criteria Inspection Stage Certificates
1 Chemical 
Composition
Sample Material Requirement When Smelting
After Heat Treatment
Chemical Composition 
Report
2 Mechanical
 Properties
Sample(Test Bar on the Gear Body) Technical Requirement After Heat Treatment Mechanical Properties 
Report
3 Heat 
Treatment
Whole Body Manufacturing Standard During Heat Treatment Heat Treatment Report
Curves of Heat 
Treatment
4 Hardness 
Test
Tooth Surface, 3 Points Per 90° Technical Requirement After Heat Treatment Hardness Teat Report
After Semi Finish 
Machining
5 Dimension 
Inspection
Whole Body Drawing After Semi Finish
 
 Machining
Dimension Inspection 
Report
Finish Machining
6 Magnetic Power Test (MT) Tooth Surface Agreed Standard After Finish Gear 
Hobbing
MT  Report
7 UT Spokes Parts Agreed Standard After Rough Machining UT Report
After Welded
After Semi Finish 
Machining
8 PT Defect Area No Defect Indicated After Digging
After Welded
PT Record
9 Mark Inspection Whole Body Manufacturing Standard Final Inspection Pictures
10 Appearance 
Inspection
Whole Body CIC’s Requirement Before Packing
(Final Inspection)
 
11 Anti-rust 
Inspection
Whole Body Agreed Anti-rust Agent Before Packing Pictures 
12 Packing 
Inspection
Whole Body Agreed Packing Form During Packing Pictures

###

No. Item Description
1 Smelting & Casting Capability  
40t ,50t, 80t Series AC Electric Arc Furnace
2×150t, 60t LF Ladle Refining Furnace
150t, 60t Series VD/VOD Furnace
20×18m Large Pouring Facility
We can pour 900t refining liquid steel one time, and achieve vacuum poured 600t steel ingots.
We can produce the high quality steel of more than 260 steel grades as carbon steel,structural alloy steel and the structural steel, refractory steel and stainless steel of special requirement. The maximum weight of casting steel, gray casting, graphite cast iron and non-ferrous casting is 600t, 200t, 150t and 20t separately.
2 Forging Capability  
The only one in the word, the most technologically advanced and the largest specification18500t Oil Press, equipped with 750t.m forging operation machine
8400t Water Press
3150t Water Press
1600t Water Press
Φ5m High Precision Ring Mill ( WAGNER,Germany)
Φ12m High Precision Ring Mill
We can roll rings of different sections of carbon steel, alloy steel, high temperature alloy steel and non-ferrous alloys such as copper alloy, aluminum alloy and titanium alloy. Max. Diameter of rolled ring will be 12m.
3 Heat Treatment Capability 9×9×15m,8×8×12m,6×6×15m,15×16×6.5m,16×20×6m ,7×7×17m Series Heat Furnace and Heat Treatment Furnaces
φ2.0×30m,φ3.0×5.0m Series Heat Treatment Furnaces
φ5.0×2.5m,φ3.2×1.5m,φ3.0×5.0m,φ2.0×5m Series Carburizing Furnaces & Nitriding Furnaces & Quenching Bathes
φ2.0×30m Well Type CNC Electrical Furnaces
Φ3.0×5.0M Horizontal Gas Temperature-differential Furnace
Double-frequency and Double-position Quenching Lathe of Pinion Shaft
4 Machining Capability 1. ≥5m CNC Heavy Duty Vertical Lathes
12m CNC Double-column Vertical Lathe
10m CNC Double-column Vertical Lathe
10m CNC Single-column Vertical Lathe
6.3m Heavy Duty Vertical Lathe
5m CNC Heavy Duty Vertical Lathe  
2. ≥5m Vertical Gear Hobbing Machines
15m CNC Vertical Gear Hobbing Machine
10m Gear Hobbing Machine
8m Gear Hobbing Machine
5m Gear Hobbing Machine
3m Gear Hobbing Machining
3. Imported High-precision Gear Grinding Machines
0.8m~3.5m CNC Molding Gear Grinding Machines
4. Large Boring & Milling Machines
220 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine
200 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine
160 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine
US $1,000-1,500
/ Piece
|
1 Piece

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: as Requirement
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Cut Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: as Requirement
Material: Stainless Steel

###

Customization:

###

No. Item Inspection Area Acceptance Criteria Inspection Stage Certificates
1 Chemical 
Composition
Sample Material Requirement When Smelting
After Heat Treatment
Chemical Composition 
Report
2 Mechanical
 Properties
Sample(Test Bar on the Gear Body) Technical Requirement After Heat Treatment Mechanical Properties 
Report
3 Heat 
Treatment
Whole Body Manufacturing Standard During Heat Treatment Heat Treatment Report
Curves of Heat 
Treatment
4 Hardness 
Test
Tooth Surface, 3 Points Per 90° Technical Requirement After Heat Treatment Hardness Teat Report
After Semi Finish 
Machining
5 Dimension 
Inspection
Whole Body Drawing After Semi Finish
 
 Machining
Dimension Inspection 
Report
Finish Machining
6 Magnetic Power Test (MT) Tooth Surface Agreed Standard After Finish Gear 
Hobbing
MT  Report
7 UT Spokes Parts Agreed Standard After Rough Machining UT Report
After Welded
After Semi Finish 
Machining
8 PT Defect Area No Defect Indicated After Digging
After Welded
PT Record
9 Mark Inspection Whole Body Manufacturing Standard Final Inspection Pictures
10 Appearance 
Inspection
Whole Body CIC’s Requirement Before Packing
(Final Inspection)
 
11 Anti-rust 
Inspection
Whole Body Agreed Anti-rust Agent Before Packing Pictures 
12 Packing 
Inspection
Whole Body Agreed Packing Form During Packing Pictures

###

No. Item Description
1 Smelting & Casting Capability  
40t ,50t, 80t Series AC Electric Arc Furnace
2×150t, 60t LF Ladle Refining Furnace
150t, 60t Series VD/VOD Furnace
20×18m Large Pouring Facility
We can pour 900t refining liquid steel one time, and achieve vacuum poured 600t steel ingots.
We can produce the high quality steel of more than 260 steel grades as carbon steel,structural alloy steel and the structural steel, refractory steel and stainless steel of special requirement. The maximum weight of casting steel, gray casting, graphite cast iron and non-ferrous casting is 600t, 200t, 150t and 20t separately.
2 Forging Capability  
The only one in the word, the most technologically advanced and the largest specification18500t Oil Press, equipped with 750t.m forging operation machine
8400t Water Press
3150t Water Press
1600t Water Press
Φ5m High Precision Ring Mill ( WAGNER,Germany)
Φ12m High Precision Ring Mill
We can roll rings of different sections of carbon steel, alloy steel, high temperature alloy steel and non-ferrous alloys such as copper alloy, aluminum alloy and titanium alloy. Max. Diameter of rolled ring will be 12m.
3 Heat Treatment Capability 9×9×15m,8×8×12m,6×6×15m,15×16×6.5m,16×20×6m ,7×7×17m Series Heat Furnace and Heat Treatment Furnaces
φ2.0×30m,φ3.0×5.0m Series Heat Treatment Furnaces
φ5.0×2.5m,φ3.2×1.5m,φ3.0×5.0m,φ2.0×5m Series Carburizing Furnaces & Nitriding Furnaces & Quenching Bathes
φ2.0×30m Well Type CNC Electrical Furnaces
Φ3.0×5.0M Horizontal Gas Temperature-differential Furnace
Double-frequency and Double-position Quenching Lathe of Pinion Shaft
4 Machining Capability 1. ≥5m CNC Heavy Duty Vertical Lathes
12m CNC Double-column Vertical Lathe
10m CNC Double-column Vertical Lathe
10m CNC Single-column Vertical Lathe
6.3m Heavy Duty Vertical Lathe
5m CNC Heavy Duty Vertical Lathe  
2. ≥5m Vertical Gear Hobbing Machines
15m CNC Vertical Gear Hobbing Machine
10m Gear Hobbing Machine
8m Gear Hobbing Machine
5m Gear Hobbing Machine
3m Gear Hobbing Machining
3. Imported High-precision Gear Grinding Machines
0.8m~3.5m CNC Molding Gear Grinding Machines
4. Large Boring & Milling Machines
220 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine
200 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine
160 CNC Floor-mounted Boring & Milling Machine

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least four inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following three factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the two is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by two coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to one another.

China OEM Factory Price Forged Steel 42CrMo Machine Parts Large Module Pinion Spline Gear Shaft     drive shaft ends	China OEM Factory Price Forged Steel 42CrMo Machine Parts Large Module Pinion Spline Gear Shaft     drive shaft ends
editor by czh 2022-12-17

China Professional OEM Custom Steel Hydraulic Pump Parts Gear Spline Shaft Piston Pump Parts with Casting or CNC Machined Housing near me shop

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Materials:

Item Material Status of Stock Item Material Status of Stock
1 AL6061 11 Brass
2 AL6063 12 Copper
3 AL7075 13 OFHC
4 AL5052 / 5083 14 Derlin/Peek
5 INVAR (4J36) 15 ULTEM1000 / PPO
6 KOVAR (4J29) 16 Nylon/PA
7 ALLOY 52 17 Titanium TC-4
8 SS303 /304 18 ALSI 50%,42%,27%
9 SS 316L 19 S136 / ADC12
10 SS 420 /440C 20 DC04 / 42CrMo

Surface finishing:
Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Nickel plating, Tin plating, Polishing, Anodizing, Power-coating,  Oxide black, Sandblast Anodizing, Electroless nickel, Fe/Zn8/C PER ISO 2081, etc.

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                      CNC milling machines                                                                                         CNC turning
 

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Q1. Are you factory for trade company?
A: We are factory for machining metal & plastic hardware / parts

Q2. What is your terms of payment?
A: T/T 30% as deposit, and 70% balance before shipping.

Q3. What is your terms of delivery?
A: EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU.

Q4. How about your delivery time?
A: Usually 7 to 15 days, depends on detail parts and quantity.

Q5. Can you produce according to the samples?
A: Sure, we can produce according to your samples or technical drawings. We are CZPT to make new mould.

Q6. What is your sample policy?
A: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock, but the customers have to pay the sample cost and the courier cost.

Q7. Do you test all your goods before delivery?
A: Yes, we have test equipment and highly trained QC worker to inspect & control quality before delivery.

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China Professional OEM Custom Steel Hydraulic Pump Parts Gear Spline Shaft Piston Pump Parts with Casting or CNC Machined Housing     near me shop China Professional OEM Custom Steel Hydraulic Pump Parts Gear Spline Shaft Piston Pump Parts with Casting or CNC Machined Housing     near me shop

China manufacturer Threaded Spline Threaded Shaft Processing Mechanical Parts Gear with Free Design Custom

Product Description

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Product Parameters

Item Spur Gear Axle Shaft
Material 4140,4340,40Cr,42Crmo,42Crmo4,20Cr,20CrMnti, 20Crmo,35Crmo
OEM NO Customize
Certification ISO/TS16949
Test Requirement Magnetic Powder Test, Hardness Test, Dimension Test
Color Paint , Natural Finish ,Machining All Around
Material Aluminum: 5000series(5052…)/6000series(6061…)/7000series(7075…)
Steel: Carbon Steel,Middle Steel,Steel Alloy,etc.
Stainess Steel: 303/304/316,etc.
Copper/Brass/Bronze/Red Copper,etc.
Plastic:ABS,PP,PC,Nylon,Delrin(POM),Bakelite,etc.
Size According to Customer’s drawing or samples
Process CNC machining,Turning,Milling,Stamping,Grinding,Welding,Wire Injection,Cutting,etc.
Tolerance ≥+/-0.03mm
Surface Treatment (Sandblast)&(Hard)&(Color)Anodizing,(Chrome,Nickel,Zinc…)Plating,Painting,Powder Coating,Polishing,Blackened,Hardened,Lasering,Engraving,etc.
File Formats ProE,SolidWorks,UG,CAD,PDF(IGS,X-T,STP,STL)
Sample Available
Packing Spline protect cover ,Wood box ,Waterproof membrane; Or per customers’ requirements.

 

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Why Choose US ???

 

 1. Equipment :

Our company boasts all necessary production equipment,
including Hydraulic press machines, Japanese CNC lathe (TAKISAWA), Korean gear hobbing machine (I SNT), gear shaping machine, machining center, CNC grinder, heat treatment line etc. 

 

 

2. Processing precision:

We are a professional gear & gear shafts manufacturer. Our gears are around 6-7 grade in mass production.

3. Company:

We have 90 employees, including 10 technical staffs. Covering an area of 20000 square meters.

4. Certification :

Oue company has passed ISO 14001 and TS16949

5.Sample service :

We provide free sample for confirmation and customer bears the freight charges

6.OEM service :

Having our own factory and professional technicians,we welcome OEM orders as well.We can design and produce the specific product you need according to your detail information

 

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Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China manufacturer Threaded Spline Threaded Shaft Processing Mechanical Parts Gear     with Free Design CustomChina manufacturer Threaded Spline Threaded Shaft Processing Mechanical Parts Gear     with Free Design Custom

China supplier Froging Bevel Gear Differential Parts Side Drive Gear Axle Shaft with Best Sales

Product Description

Hot forging parts for sell, we can produce forging for auto part, machine parts, tractor parts and others.
We have forging machine from 2000ton to 8000ton, CZPT to finish 50kgs products
We can work in 40Cr, 45#C, 20CrMnTi, 35Mn and other materils as per your requirements.
We can produce forging according your samples or drawings.

 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China supplier Froging Bevel Gear Differential Parts Side Drive Gear Axle Shaft     with Best SalesChina supplier Froging Bevel Gear Differential Parts Side Drive Gear Axle Shaft     with Best Sales

China Hot selling CNC Gear Spare Parts Suj2 Bearing Steel Linear Motion Bearing Shaft with high quality

Product Description

Product Description

Product description

Linear shaft features

Items

Linear shaft

Flexible shaft

Hollow shaft

Material

CK45, SUJ2

CK45

SUJ2

Heat treatment

Induction hardened

Not hardened

Induction hardened

Surface hardness

HRC58±2

HRC15±3

HRC60±2

Surface treated

Hard chrome plated

Hard chrome plated

Hard chrome plated

Precision

h7, g6, h6

h7, g6

h7, g6, h6

Roundness

Max3.0µm

Max3.0µm

Max3.0µm

Straightness

Max5.0µm

Max5.0µm

Max5.0µm

Chrome thickness

20-30µm

30µm

30µm

Roughness

Max1.5µm

Max1.5µm

Max1.5µm

Process machinized

Threading, reduced shaft dia,coaxial holes drilled and tapped, flats-single or multiple, key way, snap ring grooves, radial holes drilled and tapped, chamfering

Linear shaft description

ERSK Linear offers linear shafting in a variety of different options to meet a wide range of customer needs. Available in hardened steel, CK45 material steel, SUJ2 material steel, hollow steel , inch and metric, Simplicity Shafting maintains the ideal surface finish for linear plain bearings and ball bearings.

· Solid round shafting is available in inch sizes from 3/16″ thru 4″ and metric sizes from 3 mm thru 80 mm

· Machining available upon request

High Reliability

ERSK linear shaft has very straight quality control standards covering every production process. With proper lubrication and use, trouble-free operation for an extended period of time is possible.

Smooth Operation

The high efficiency of linear shaft is vastly superior to conventional shaft. The torque required is less than 30%. Linear motion can be easily changed from rotary motion.

High Durability

Rigidly selected materials, intensive heat treating and processing techniques, backed by years of experience,have resulted in the most durable linear shaft manufactured.

Induction linear shaft, Flexible linear shaft,

linear bearings shaft, hollow linear shaft,

hardened linear shaft, chromed linear shaft

Application

For delicate application in industrial application, machine tool and automation application.

Linear Shafts – Technical Properties.

Test linear shaft surface roughness

the max roughness is Ra0.4um

Straight the linear shaft straightness:

We control the traighness 0.05mm of linear shaft 300mm

Test hardness:

S45C materail induction linear shaft, the hardness is HRC55-58

GCr15 (SUJ2) materail induction linear shaft, the hardness is HRC58-63

If flexible shaft, the hardness is based on the shaft material itself

Test the linear shaft dia precision, as usually, h7 is the normal tolerance in our stock, But we can offer g6, h6 precision too. if any special tolerance, we are CZPT to customize them for you.

We can machinize all kinds of machining,

 

Related products

Related products

There are many kinds of products we can offer, If you are interested in them, please click the picture and see the details.

Production Flow

Over service

Over Service

Packaging & Shipping

Packaging and shipping

PP bag for each linear shaft, Standard exported carton outside for small order shipping by international express, such as DHL, TNT, UPS

Wooden box outside for big quantity or very long linear shaft by sea, by air

 

Company Profile

Company information

Our principle

 

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China Hot selling CNC Gear Spare Parts Suj2 Bearing Steel Linear Motion Bearing Shaft     with high qualityChina Hot selling CNC Gear Spare Parts Suj2 Bearing Steel Linear Motion Bearing Shaft     with high quality

China Professional Mining Parts Forging or Casting Transmission Shaft /Pinion Gear Shaft/Hoist Casting Shaft near me factory

Product Description

Mining Parts Forging Transmission Shaft /Pinion Gear Shaft 

Product Description

CIC is a more than 30 – year manufacturer and reputed supplier of forged shaft used in various machinery equipment in the fields of mining, metallurgical, chemical industry, construction, and so on. CIC possesses professional design team, advanced equipment and detecting method, strict quality control system to meet all your customized requirements of forged shaft. High quality, excellent performances and competitive price will make you rely on us and choose us.
 
CIC has manufactured many kinds of forged shafts, including forged roller, forged support roller shafts, forged thrust roller shafts, forged pinion shaft with gears both mounted to the shaft and as a part of the shaft, and other more kinds of forged shafts.
 
Bring us your challenges, and we will deliver solutions.
 
Features:
1. Material: stainless steel, carbon steel, alloy steel and as your requests
2. Standard: Standard: ANSI, API, ASTM, BSI, DIN, GB, ISO, JIS and more standards.
3. Mechanical Properties: customized requirements are accepted.
4. Hardness: customized requirements are accepted.
5. Surface treatment: rust preventive oil and according to your requirements.
6. Application: mainly used in various machinery equipment in the fields of mining, metallurgical, chemical industry, construction, and so on
7. QA and DOC: chemical composition report, mechanical properties report, UT report, PT report, heat treatment report, dimensions check report, hardness report and more
We can offer third party inspection.
8. Process: raw material purchasing – casting- rough machining – heat treatment – semi machining – finish machining – shrinkage fitting – painting and packing
Various process conditions are available.
9. Certificates: ISO 9001:2008
10. Products ability: Max length: 20m, Max OD: 2m
11. Heat treatment: quenching and tempering, normalizing and tempering.
12. QC: fabrication schedule, fabrication process chart, inspection and test plan
13. Packing: coated with rust preventive oil, seaworthy packing
 
 
Advantages:
1. More than 30 years experience
2. ISO9001:2008 Standard certified
3. Custom-made design
4. All seamless forged
5. Strict quality control 
6. Prompt delivery

Main Manufacturing Machines:

2×8m Numerical Controlled Horizontal Lathe

6×20m heavy Horizontal Lathe

200 Numerical Controlled Boring& Milling Machine

 

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China Professional Mining Parts Forging or Casting Transmission Shaft /Pinion Gear Shaft/Hoist Casting Shaft     near me factory China Professional Mining Parts Forging or Casting Transmission Shaft /Pinion Gear Shaft/Hoist Casting Shaft     near me factory