China Professional Customizable High Carbon Steel Optical Shaft for Automation Equipment with Great quality

Product Description

Product Description

Straight line shaft is a product that can be made into straight line movement because of the guiding function of sliding bearing.

The necessary conditions of linear motion system are: simple design, optimal performance, low maintenance cost, durable materials, high-frequency heat treatment, accurate
Outside diameter size, roundness, true flatness and surface treatment, etc.
Model style: diameter 5- 607
The material of carbon steel
Hardness HRC60 ± 2
Hardening thickness
0.8 mm – 3 mm
Length 0-6000mm (if you need more than 6000mm, we can reverse connection for you)
Precision g6
The roughness is within 1.5μm
Straightness 1.5μm 100mm (Rmax)
Other straight shaft types solid shaft, hollow shaft, threaded shaft, stainless steel shaft
Other materials bearing steel GCr15, carbon steel 45#, SUS440C
We are a professional bearing manufacturer in China, high quality bearings can be customized according to OEM and according to your requirements

Range of application

 

1. The solid shaft

Generally applicable to industrial robots, as professional measuring instruments, medical instruments, precision machine tools, aircraft shafts, pneumatic mandrel moving parts.

2. The hollow shaft

With the advantages of reducing the weight and simplifying the structure of the equipment, the inner measuring wire, compressed air, and lubricating oil and hydraulic oil can be worn again.

3, stainless steel shaft

Generally suitable for chemicals, seawater and so on

Used as part of a measurement in the presence of a substance.

Special processing shaft after heat treatment finishing, all models are hard chrome plated automation equipment.
 

Special processing

1.The length of the

We can provide straight spools with diameters φ5mm-φ150mm. Maximum length up to 6000 mm.

When you have special requirements for length, we can meet your processing requirements of different lengths.

When you require more than 6000mm, we can reverse connection for you.

2. Special processing

When you have special requirements for processing. Such as thread, with the shaft hole drilling tapping, radial hole drilling tapping, shaft diameter diameter, etc., we can process for you, these special machines after heat treatment and hard chromium treatment, to ensure the accuracy of products.

Send your detailed sketches or blueprints to us for quotation and action, reply to us after you find our factory price ideal for processing.
 

Detailed Photos

Company Profile

 

ZHangZhoug HangZhou KaiYaDe bearing co., LTD. Is a have many years experience of linear motion products professional manufacturers. We specialized in the production of straight axis, linear guide, ball screw, linear bearings, linear guide, ball screw end support, linear guide, CAM follower and of good quality and competitive price. My company is located in HangZhou city, zHangZhoug province, close to HangZhou port and HangZhou city.
Products are widely used in precision machinery, fitness equipment, printing machinery, packaging machinery, medical machinery, food machinery, textile machinery and related equipment. Products sell well in North America, Western Europe, Australia, southeast Asia, the Middle East, South America and other regions.

FAQ

1. Are you a factory or trading company?
We are the most competitive price and high quality professional manufacturers, has 12 years of experience.
2. What is your product range?
Specializing in the production of straight axis, linear bearings, linear guide, linear guide, ball screw, linear motion unit such as CAM follower.
3. Do you provide OEM&ODM service?
B: yes. Welcome OEM, ODM
4. How can I get some samples?
We are very honored to provide samples. You need to pay the freight and some sample fee.
5. How is the quality control of your factory?
We uphold the tenet of “quality is the future”, we have passed CE certification, we have strict quality control procedures.
6. How can I get quotation?
You can send below quotation or send email to us. You can contact us directly by TM or WhatsApp and Skype as you like. If you have an emergency, please call us at any time.
 

 

Visit the Factory environment

 

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Professional Customizable High Carbon Steel Optical Shaft for Automation Equipment     with Great qualityChina Professional Customizable High Carbon Steel Optical Shaft for Automation Equipment     with Great quality